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War in Ukraine. Daily update. Day 258-259 [08-09.11.2022, 10.00 am]

Prepared by Sofia Oliynyk, Maryana Zaviyska, Anna Dovha

Climate policy.

Volodymyr Zelenskyy held a virtual address at COP27 with a main message that there can be no effective climate policy without peace on earth. He underlined that the Russian war brought energy and food crises to dozens of countries, which in a way hit those countries suffering from the existing manifestations of climate change, said Zelenskyy. In addition, he called the attending parties to support Ukraine’s initiative of creation of a global platform to assess the Impact of military actions on climate and environment.

Foreign policy.

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy will participate in the G20 leaders’ summit, most likely in an online format. Also, Russian President Vladimir Putin is going to join the summit as well ‘if the situation is possible’. Indonesian President Joko Widodo mentioned that Putin also could attend the summit virtually as well.

The US national security adviser, Jake Sullivan, has reportedly held talks with aides to Russia’s president, Vladimir Putin, with the aim of reducing the risk that the war in Ukraine could spill over or escalate into a nuclear conflict, The Guardian reported.

On November 7, Secretary of Defense Lloyd J. Austin III and Italian Minister of Defense Guido Crosetto held a telephone conversation during which they discussed, among other topics, continued cooperation to support Ukraine, including air defense. 

Civilian casualties.

From 24 February to 6 November 2022, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights recorded 16 462 civilian casualties in Ukraine: 6490 killed and 9972 injured. Most of the civilian casualties recorded were caused by the use of explosive weapons with wide area effects, including shelling from heavy artillery, multiple launch rocket systems, missiles and air strikes. Also, over the past 3 months, 288 030 people have been evacuated from the territories of active hostilities. Of them, 60 316 are children, 7583 are persons with disabilities.

Cities under attack.

Donetsk region. On November 7, the Russian military shelled the settlements of Pavlivka and Bohoiavlenka where 6 houses were damaged. In the settlement of Hostre, the Russian invaders damaged 8 houses. During the day, the Russian invaders killed 3 people in Bakhmut and Krasnohorivka and 7 people were injured in the region. In the evening of November 8, the Russian military attacked the city of Kramatorsk. As a result of the attack, an 8 year old child was injured. Also, a local school and houses around it were damaged. Mykolaiv region. On the morning of November 7, the Russian invaders attacked and damaged the infrastructure facility of the Pervomaisk community. No casualties were reported. On the same day, the Russian military attacked Shevchenkivska community where a gas pipeline was damaged and one person was injured. In the evening, as a result of the shelling of the Halynivska community, an infrastructure facility was damaged. Also, during the day, the Russian invaders attacked 3 settlements of the Shyrokivska community. Due to the shelling, 3 houses, power lines, a cultural center, an educational institution and a market were damaged. Dnipropetrovsk region. At night on November 8, the Nikopol and Marhanets communities were under attack. In Nikopol, dozens of houses, 2 industrial enterprises, a hospital, a school, a vocational school, cars and a gas pipeline were damaged. 

Cities under occupation.

Kherson region. The occupying authorities of the Kherson region, in order to force people to leave the region, are taking measures to artificially create unacceptable living conditions for local residents, disconnecting electricity and communication. The Russian military continues looting and robbing the local population and infrastructure facilities, the export of material resources, food products, and means of transportation to the territory of the Russian Federation. For instance, in the temporarily occupied Nova Kakhovka, the Russian military looted the ‘Tavria’ cognac factory. The Russian military steals equipment and products from the factory.

Human rights.

On November 8, Ukraine and Russia exchanged the bodies of the fallen soldiers. 38 bodies of Ukrainian defenders were returned to Ukraine.

Children rights.

Olena Vykhor, Head of Secretariat Management of the Ombudsman, reported that according to the latest data, 6032 Ukrainian children were deported by Russian occupiers to the Russian Federation or to temporary occupied territories of Ukraine.

War crimes prosecution.

Australian Glenn Kolomeitz, who is a veteran of Afghanistan and East Timor, as well as a former investigator of the New South Wales Police, will lead mobile teams investigating war crimes in Ukraine. Germany provides €7.6 million to help Ukraine investigate war crimes, namely the search for missing persons as a result of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Energy security.

The Cabinet of Ministers has exempted import of generators, electric batteries and heaters from paying value added tax and import duty.

According to the Deputy Minister of Health of Ukraine, Bohdan Borukhovsky, medical institutions of Ukraine that provide inpatient and emergency medical care have backup power sources. Thus, in the event of a power outage, the provision of medical services continues.

Denys Shmyhal, the Prime Minister of Ukraine, reported that nearly 60% of all facilities across the country are having heating. Southern regions get connected more slowly, but this process has also begun there. In five regions, the level of heating connection is more than 85%, and in two more regions it has already reached 100%.

Energoatom has increased the monthly bonus from 20% to 50% for the personnel of Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant who refused to sign contracts with Rosatom and thus, remained loyal to Ukraine.

Turkey has started paying for some it’s natural gas from Russia in roubles, Turkish Energy Minister Fatih Donmez said on November 8.

Economic security.

The European Commission reported that in line with the recent EU leaders’ call for the Commission to propose a more structural solution for assisting Ukraine, ministers agreed to move ahead with an assistance package of up to €18 billion of concessional loans for 2023.

The Government of Ukraine has introduced a number of programs to support businesses to stay in Ukraine. So far, the Ministry of Economy has approved 2,131 applications for micro-grants for businesses under the ‘Own business’ program, within which entrepreneurs received almost 150 million hryvnias.

Recent polls.

According to the survey of the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology, 88% of Ukrainians believe that in 10 years Ukraine will be a prosperous country within the European Union. Among them, 96% are ready to endure material difficulties for 3-5 years, if as a result Ukraine will become a prosperous country and a member of the European Union. Instead, only 5% of respondents have pessimistic expectations that in 10 years Ukraine will be a devastated country with an outflow of people.

Watchlist.

Mariupol: The Peoples Story | BBC – ‘In a little under three months, residents of what was a thriving city witnessed the deaths of women and children in a maternity hospital and bodies left abandoned on the streets of Mariupol. Filmed and told by many of the citizens of Mariupol, this powerful documentary records the deaths of thousands and daring escapes, and is the story of their loss, bravery and determination’.

Upcoming events. 

Reading list. 

Statistics.

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Thank you for supporting Ukraine! Slava Ukraini! Glory to Ukraine!

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