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War in Ukraine. Daily update. Day 199-201 [10-12.09.2022, 10.00 am 🇫🇷🇷🇺🇩🇪🇯🇵🇨🇿🇷🇸]

Prepared by Sofia Oliynyk, Maryana Zaviyska, Anna Dovha

Photo: Soldiers of the 113th Separate Territorial Defense Brigade in liberated city Kharkiv region/ Zelenskiy Official telegram channel

Liberation.

In one week, the Armed Forces of Ukraine have liberated more than 3000 square kilometers. This is more than Russia has captured since the beginning of April. Approximately 40 settlements were already liberated in the Kharkiv region, including Izyum, Balaklia, Kupyansk. Russia’s defense ministry on Saturday already admitted its forces had retreated from key towns in northeastern Ukraine after advances by Ukrainian troops.

Cities under attack.

Dnipropetrovsk region. On the night of September 9, the Russian military attacked Nikopol district in Zaporizhizhia region. Private houses and farm buildings were damaged. The next day, on September 10, the Russian occupiers launched 2 missile attacks on Dnipro district. As a result, a missile hit the industrial infrastructure facilities. Production buildings, warehouses and equipment were set on fire there. Also, the invaders launched several missile attacks on Synelnykivsk district where a local farm was damaged. At night on September 11, the Russian occupiers fired at the Dnipro and Nikopol districts. As a result of the attack on the residential area, one person was injured and shops, administration buildings, a market, warehouses and private houses were damaged. In Nikopol, 3 people were injured and 35 high-rise and private buildings, several educational institutions, a dispensary, an object of industrial infrastructure, cars, gas pumps and power lines were mutilated. Mykolaiv region. One the September 9 and 10, the Russian invaders shelled 3 districts of the region. As a result, private houses, farm buildings, roads were damaged, 5 people were injured and one person was killed. On the night of September 11, Mykolaiv was under heavy shelling. As a result of hitting the yard of a five-story building, one entrance was practically destroyed by fire and explosion, a private house was seriously damaged and 9 people were injured. Kharkiv region. On September 9, the Russian invaders shelled Kharkiv. As a result, there was a fire and destruction of a three-story administrative building and one person was injured. At night, the Russian military carried out intensive attacks on the Kharkiv district. One missile hit the ground near private houses, windows were damaged and one person was injured. The Chuhuiv district was also subjected to shelling by the Russian army. One person was killed and private houses, an educational and sports center, and commercial buildings were damaged. During the day, Russian invaders continued shelling the central part of Kharkiv. 14 people were injured, 3 of them are children. Residential buildings, objects of educational infrastructure have been hit, and there have been fires. The next night on September 10, the Russian military fired at Kharkiv district where one person was killed and a private house was destroyed. During the day, the Russian invaders shelled Kharkiv. As a result of the attack, 1 person was killed and 2 people were injured. On September 11, Kharkiv and the region was under a heavy attack. The Russian invaders damaged the power plant, therefore several regions were without electricity and water supply. 

Cities under occupation.

Kherson region. On September 10, the director of the school in Kakhovka was kidnapped from his home for the second time by the armed military of the Russian Federation.The Russian occupiers arrested the Ukrainian Kostyantyn Tereshchenko on suspicion of participating in the battalion named after Noman Chelebidzhikhan, which the Russian Federation previously recognized as a terrorist organization. Luhansk region. Russians and collaborators are fleeing from the Luhansk region, even from those cities that were occupied back in 2014, and are heading towards Russia. Kharkiv region. The pro-Russian ‘authority’ in the Kharkiv region confiscated literature in the Ukrainian language from local schools. Mariupol. At the enterprise in the city, 4 people from Mariupol were blown up by landmines. The incident occurred during the clearing of the destroyed factory. The Russian invaders are agitating residents of the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine, including the so-called ‘LPR/DNR’, to leave for the Russian Federation due to the ‘escalation of the situation’.

Foreign policy.

On September 9, Latvian President Egils Levits and Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki visited Kyiv and met with President Volodymyr Zelensky. The parties discussed cooperation in the field of energy and infrastructure. During his visit, the Polish Prime Minister announced plans to open additional crossing points for empty trucks, in particular, for those who transport humanitarian aid on the Polish-Ukrainian border. On September 10, the German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock made an unannounced visit to Kyiv. Annalena Baerbock has promised Ukraine further military assistance.  On September 11, Russian President Vladimir Putin and French President Emmanuel Macron held telephone talks. The heads of state discussed the situation in Ukraine, focusing on the issue of restoring the safety of the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant. 

The 17th Annual Meeting of Yalta European Strategy (YES) – “Ukraine: Defending all Our Freedom” – was held from September 9-10, 2022 in Kyiv. Over 400 leading politicians, diplomats, businessmen, civil activists and experts from more than 20 countries took part in the conference. President Volodymyr Zelenskyy delivered a speech saying that Ukraine can and will win this war. He warned that Europe and the world are in for a tough winter, as Russia is laser-focused on disrupting global energy and food supply. The President urged countries of the world to remain steadfast in their commitment to Ukraine’s victory, in the face of mounting Russian threats. U.S. National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan said that Ukraine alone is to determine how and when it will liberate territories seized by Moscow in 2014-2015, while the United States and its allies aid Kyiv in achieving those goals.

The United States of America made a proposal to reform the UN Security Council due to the actions of Russia, in particular, regarding the use of the right of veto by its members.

The European Commission presented guidelines on stricter visa processing for Russian citizens. The document includes the regulations of visa applications and existing visas. Also, the guideline implies a longer and more thorough process for lodging applications. The government of Montenegro proposed to cancel the visa-free regime for Russians. They emphasize that since the country is on its way to the European Union, it should be on the side of the EU in everything.

Environmental crimes.

11000 hectares of a unique forest in the Mykolaiv Region in the Kinburnska Kosa Reserve burned down due to shelling by Russian troops of the Mykolaiv Region.

Energy security.

On September 11, the sixth power unit of the Zaporizhzhya Nuclear Power Plant, which was seized by the Russian occupiers, was disconnected from the power grid. As a result, the station completely stopped its work. On the same day, IAEA informed that a  back-up power line to Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhya Nuclear Power Plant has been restored, providing the plant with the external electricity it needs for reactor cooling and other safety functions.

Ukraine agreed to unblock the export of coal to Poland, and will also increase the amount of electricity supplied to the country. The G7, EU and US introduced a ban on the maritime transportation of crude oil and the maritime transportation of petroleum products.

Economic security.

The GDP of Ukraine decreased by 37.2% in the second quarter of the year. The European Union will provide Ukraine with a tranche of 3 billion euros in October 2022. This is the last part of the promised help of 8 billion euros. The EU also approved the allocation of 5 billion euros of macro-financial assistance to Ukraine.

Human rights.

The UN monitoring mission reported that as of September 9, 14059 civilian casualties had been confirmed as a result of the full-scale invasion of Ukraine. Of them, 5767 civilians were killed. The mission noted that the actual numbers are likely to be much higher. The head of the UN human rights mission in Ukraine stated on September 9 that Russia is not allowing access to Ukrainian prisoners of war, adding that the UN had evidence that some had been subject to torture and ill-treatment which could amount to war crimes, Reuters reported.

Media.

The Security Service of Ukraine detained Russian agents who worked on the launch of the pro-Kremlin media center ‘Tavria’ in the south of Ukraine. Its main task was to spread Russian propaganda on the territory of the region through Telegram channels, online television applications and radio broadcasts.

Culture.

Damaged cultural institutions will be preserved for the winter to protect them from further destruction. Most of these objects need repair of windows and roofs. According to preliminary estimates, it is necessary to close 80 thousand m2 of windows. It is still impossible to replace them all, so OSB plates will be used.

Digital security.

A bot farm used by representatives of Russian PR companies against Ukraine has been blocked in Kyiv. The capacity of the farm was more than 3000 accounts, which were used in the interests of ‘black PR’ and conducting an information war against Ukraine.

Awards.

Photographer and defender of Mariupol, Dmytro Kozatskyi (Orest), who is currently in the kept in the Donetsk People’s Republic, won the first prize in the ‘press/war’ category of the prestigious Paris photo contest – The Prix de la Photographie.

Recent polls.

Recent polls in Germany show that public support of Ukraine remains relatively unchanged compared with previous months. 70% of Germans want to keep supporting Ukraine despite high energy prices. Support for Ukraine is highest among supporters of the Greens (97%) and lowest on the far-right (30%). Around 21% no longer support Ukraine, and call for lowering of energy prices. Meanwhile, 40% are calling for stronger Western military support for Ukraine, 30 percent are in favor of unchanged military engagement and 24 percent want a reduction in military aid.

Reading corner.

Statistics.

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